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Ancient Egyptian society treated men and women equally. Women participated in the political, economic, and judicial world of ancient Egypt on the same terms as men. This social system reflects Egyptian mythology, where Goddesses played an equal, if not chief, role. The primeval mother-figures in the earliest prehistoric Egyptian myths are female. Female deities were kept separate from the males, with their own temples and followers. Egyptian goddesses are also creator deities, and the protectors of the pharaohs in the form of the cobra, vulture, or linoness.
In ancient Egyptian mythology, Egypt was created from the Watery Waste of Nun, a chaos god from whose body all things were born. The continuous mission of the daily temple services and strictly followed religious codes was to keep ordered Egyptian society from returning to the state of chaos in which it was born. Ma'at, the goddess in charge of law, balance and order, was one of the principal deities. The two "protectors of the realm" of Egypt were originally Nekhbet, vulture goddess of Northern Egypt, and Wadjet, cobra goddess of Lower Egypt. The cobra and the vulture were chosen by the Egyptians as the royal symbols because they were thought to be self-producing and therefore creators, or divine.
Egyptian mythology is a complex collection of often competing stories, traditions, and practices. This is partly because the culture is so ancient, and partly because each city had its own set of deities, whose unique personalities are lost as their cults age. Just as each city vied for supreme power before Egypt was a unified kingdom, the cities each tried to establish their gods as the supreme gods. Even after unification, each time the capital moved, the supreme god of the new city rose to be the supreme god of the kingdom.
Below, a table listing some of the many gods and goddesses of Egyptian mythology. The deities are listed as closely as possible to the order of their appearance in the myths, from oldest to newest.
Nekhbet vulture goddess of Upper Egypt
Wadjet cobra goddess of Lower Egypt
Meskhenet childbirth goddess, represented by a tile
Taweret hippopotamus goddess, also childbirth goddess and protectoress
Bet childbirth god and protector of children
Atum Heliopolis (ancient On) sun god, self-created from the Watery Waste of Nun
Shu god of air, created by Atum
Tefnut goddess of moisture, created by Atum, sometimes a lion goddess
Geb earth god, created by Shu and Tefnut
Nut sky goddess, also goddess of death and burial, created by Shu and Tefnut
Osiris fertility god, later king of the dead, child of Geb and Nut
Isis Mistress of Magic and Speaker of Spells, also goddess of the dead, sister-wife of Osiris, child of Geb and Nut, mother of young Horus and therefore symbolic Mother of the Egyptian King
Seth rival of young Horus, destroyer of Osiris's body, child of Geb and Nut
Nephthys one of the goddesses of the dead, sister-wife of Seth and child of Geb and Nut
Horus the Elder often shown in man's form, or as a hawk, child of Geb and Nut
young Horus son of Isis
Hathor powerful sky and cow goddess, fertility figure, consort of young Horus but kept a separate temple, associated with tirual music
Thoth Hermopolis god, moon god and reckoner of time, depicted in human form with an ibis mask Neith national goddess of Lower Egypt, huntress with crossed bow and arrows as her symbol, also goddess of the dead, sometimes supreme creator
Serkhet a goddess of death and burial
Re sun god, in the creation myth with Neith as supreme god, wept men and women from his eyes Ptah Memphis god, considered primeval being first created to take precendence over Atum Sekhmet represents the rays of the sun at midday, consort of Ptah and daughter of Re, the sun god, lion goddess of Middle Egypt
Aton Aye at el-Armana tomb chapel, also claimed to take precedence over Atum
Khnum First Cataract deity, ram-headed supreme creator god
Satet and Anuket represent the Nile in flood, helpers to Khnum
Nun and Nunet Ogdoad of Khemenu gods (City of Eight), represent the primeval abyss
Heh and Hauket Ogdoad of Khemenu gods, represent infinity
Kek and Kauket Ogdoad of Khemenu gods, represent darkness
Amun and Amunet Ogdoad of Khemenu gods, represent the unknown gods, also male and female principles in the cosmic system, Amun later a chief god
Mut both lion and warrior goddess, consort of Amun at Thebes, replacing Amunet
Bastet cat goddess, important in the last 1000 years B, originally a lion goddess
Meretseger cobra goddess of the peak overlooking the Valley of the Kings, name means "she who loves silence"
Renenutet snake goddess and protector of the king and the harvest
Visit both the east and west bank of Luxor. Starting in the Valley of the Kings. (3 tombs per ticket), we'll see Queen Hatshepsut's Temple and the Colossi of Memnon ,we drive back to the east bank to visit karnak and luxor temple
On your private tour you will be…
Posted on October 5, 2011 at 10:37am
Get a birds eye view of Luxor and watch the early morning sun from your own hot air balloon.
Pickup time from your hotel early in morning betwen 4 AM Till 7 AM because that depend on Summer & winter hours may slightly change and the customer bick up from…
Posted on October 5, 2011 at 10:32am
However, with all…
Posted on June 13, 2011 at 1:06pm
The city was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as T-APT (meaning “the shrine”) and then, in a later period, the Greeks called it tea pie, which the Arabs later pronounced as Thebes. The importance of the city started as early as the 11th Dynasty by King Mento-hotep
The city of Thebes was the capital of the fourth Nome of Upper Egypt. The main local god was the God Amon Ra, who was worshipped with his wife, the Goddess Mutt, and their son, the God Khonsou, the God of the moon.…
Posted on June 12, 2011 at 11:07am
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