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The city was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as T-APT (meaning “the shrine”) and then, in a later period, the Greeks called it tea pie, which the Arabs later pronounced as Thebes. The importance of the city started as early as the 11th Dynasty by King Mento-hotep
The city of Thebes was the capital of the fourth Nome of Upper Egypt. The main local god was the God Amon Ra, who was worshipped with his wife, the Goddess Mutt, and their son, the God Khonsou, the God of the moon. Thebes was also known as “the city of the 100 gates”, sometimes being called the southern city, to distinguish it from Memphis, the early capital of the Old Kingdom.
Thebes also played a great role in expelling the invading forces of the Hykos from Upper Egypt. From the time of the 18th Dynasty, through to the 20th Dynasty, the importance of the city had risen as the major political, religious and military capital of Ancient Egypt. Such importance faded during the Late Period, but the God Amon Ra remained the main God until the Greco-Roman period.
*Sites to visit in Luxor - East bank
The Museum of Luxor
The Mummification Museum
*Sites to visit in Luxor - West bank
The Colossi of Memnon
Valley of the Kings
Valley of the Queens
Valley of the Nobles
Hatshepsut Temple at Deir El-Bahri
Medinat Habu - Temple of Ramses III
The temple of the Ramesseum
Temple of Esna
*Other sites near Luxor
Temple of Dendera
Temple of Abydos
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